Monday, October 11, 2010

Tej Kohli Explains the Cartooning Process

Welcome back to the Tej Kohli Animation Blog. Today, Tej Kohli will explain you about the process of cartooning and various steps involved in it.


The pre-production stage of cartooning starts with a storyboard, where the complete story is rendered in comics style to give an illustration of how the story proceeds besides serving as a guide for the animators. These graphics or drawings can be laid out on either poster board, large sheets of paper or a foam board. In the West, especially the North America, this voice acting is also recorded in the animation so the animators can use it to guide their work. Whereas, in Eastern animation, the voice acting is recorded to match the animated images instead of the other way around.

Animation Drawing

In this process, the animated drawings are sketched onto 'cels', which are individual character pictures for every single moment, including the slightest movement made by the characters. The animator first draw cel pictures on a paper as an outline and, originally were scanned and printed on plastic celluloid sheets and painted in hand. Nowadays, these outlines are usually uploaded and colored through a computer. The background images is also drawn. One may use these drawings repetitively as they remain static throughout the scene.

Shooting the animation

All the cels required for one animation frame are laid out on the scene backdrop to generate the entire setting of the frame. Then, the camera shoots the frame. A second of animation uses about 26 frames on an average, thereby, requiring the use of thousands of cel sheets places singularly on the background and shot one at a time. The frames, when rightly placed and shot in action, can create action when the recording is replayed. Once the recording is done, the music, voices and other sound effects are introduced to the animation, and the whole show can then be edited to get the final outcome.
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